Things To Note And Know About Dog Cancer

The news, that your darling pet dog has cancer, can be extremely disconcerting. The first thing, to do, is to seek the expert advice of a vet oncologist. It is obvious that you will get in touch with a general vet. However, it is always better to check out with a specialized oncologist than merely depend on a generic line of treatment. Humans suffer from malignancy, and dog cancer is not dissimilar to the latter. In both the cases, you get to notice an abnormal and uncontrolled growth of the malignant cells.

 

Know The Facts

There are certain facts and figures that you need to get straight about malignancy. First, cancer happens to be a multi-factorial illness, in the sense that you cannot attribute any single cause for its occurrence and growth. Secondly, the disease is likely to spread, affecting the surrounding body parts. However, there are instances of dog cancer where the tumor remains localized, without spreading to the surrounding areas. Thirdly, you cannot rule out the hereditary causes of cancer, in the sense that certain breeds are more than likely to develop malignancy than the others.

A Brief Overview

Age is another contributory factor. As your pet goes past the age of ten, it is desirable that you keep him under close monitoring and supervision. Medical/veterinary supervision is all the more desirable, if the breed has a predisposition to cancerous developments. The boxers, golden retrievers, and the terriers are more likely to contract cancer. Bone cancer tends to affect the Saint Bernards. The particular form of dog cancer also affects the Great Danes. Both belong to the category of the giant breeds. As per research-based findings, the smaller breeds are less susceptible to contracting bone malignancy than the larger ones.

Symptoms And Examination

As and when you come across lumps, you should be particular about putting it under clinical examination. Lumps are supposed to be the most common Symptoms of dog cancer. Persistent sores that don’t heal, a sudden drop in appetite, lameness, lethargy and loss of body weight are some of the other symptomatic outbursts. It takes nothing more than a biopsy to determine if the lump is malignant. As per the needs of the situation, the vet oncologist may undertake ultrasound analysis and radiography. Blood tests and stool examination are some of the other basis for making a diagnostic evaluation.

The Treatment And Prevention

Spaying of dogs and making them undergo a suitable program on neutering are largely responsible for reducing the risks. The female species tend to develop breast cancer and here again, spaying works wonders by minimizing the chances. You are supposed to spay the bitch before the initial heat cycle. Testicular cancer is common amongst the masculine species. You can use a neutering program to its advantage. The proposition serves as a preventive measure against dog cancer. Malignancy, which takes the shape of mast tumors, is surgically removable. In the majority of the cases, surgical removal is successful in ridding the pet of the cancer triggering malignant cells. However, there are other unfortunate cases that don’t ensure successful cure. Immunotherapy and radiation therapy are still to prove their points as successful therapeutic measures, but the research-based investigations are underway. There are oncologists and specialized vets who don’t mind resorting to the last two treatment recourses.

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